Environmental Report 2013

Our environmental performance

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CEO’s message

In 2013, in spite of a still uncertain global economic scenario, the Enel Group continued to score a positive performance, recognized by the market, thanks to its technological and geographic diversification, managerial actions to curb costs and optimize investments, expansion in emerging markets and renewables (especially in Latin America).

Looking to the future, the growth of emerging markets, the dissemination of new technologies, the proximity to active and responsive customers, as well as the new energy and environmental policies will contribute to shaping the new dynamics of the sector in an increasingly decisive way.

In this setting, Enel captured ongoing changes in a timely fashion, by leveraging its strengths: skills, know-how and expertise, managerial rigor, technological excellence, transparency in relations with all counterparts, listening to customers and caring for their needs.

In choosing our growth path, we decided to bet on innovation and a process of internationalization, whereby we are now present in 40 countries across 4 continents and among the key players in the economic and social development of all the communities where we operate. Innovative green technologies, smart-city and smart-grid projects, solutions for energy efficiency and value-added services are just a few examples of what we have exported to serve our customers, from Europe to Russia and to the American continent.

While consolidating our international presence, we are implementing a major project of integration of our different technological, operational, cultural and social skills and expertise. Enel is consolidating its own model, strong in its principles and flexible in its applications, suitable for serving the communities ere we operate, ensuring everywhere respect for the applicable rules and for the environment and persons with which/whom we interact.

We intend to become an example, recognized at international level, of good management in all of our operations and our environmental policy will be crucial to this intent.

We are pursuing the strategic target of extending the application of environmental management systems to all of our activities. In 2012, we gained the ISO 14001 certification for the overall Group. At present, ISO 14001-certified systems cover 94% of our net generating capacity, over 95% of grids and 100% of the activities of the Global Service Functions, of the Engineering and Research Division and of the market functions in Italy and Romania.

As a large international utility, we are spearheading the fight against climate change.

The results that web have obtained so far in terms of greenhouse-gas emissions and the targets of our strategic development plan testify our constant efforts.

Today, more than 46% of the electricity that we generate comes from zero-emission sources. In 2013, the Group further invested in the development of generating capacity from renewables, increasing it by about 940 MW. Our penetration into the renewable-energy sector has continued to grow thanks to Enel Green Power. This company, with about 9,000 MW of installed capacity in 16 countries of the world and with over 29 billion kWh generated, is one of the leading worldwide operators, relying on a well-diversified and geographically distributed technological mix.

The overall emissions that we displaced in 2013 thanks to zero-emission power generation amount to 104 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent.

With respect to 1990, the base year of the Kyoto Protocol, the Group’s specific emissions of CO2 in 2013 were down by 37%. Additionally, in 2013, thanks to higher generation of electricity from renewables (+10% with respect to 2012), which was made possible by an increase in the related installed capacity and by a good level of hydraulicity, we curbed these emissions by 16% on 2007, a reduction already higher than our target by 2020.

In 2013, we continued to cut down polluting emissions. Specific emissions of SO2 and NOx were down by about 7% on 2012. Specific emissions of particulates, although diminishing in the countries where we are most active, such as Italy (-11%) and Spain (-14%), rose slightly at Group level owing to the progressive aging and consequent lower efficiency of electrostatic precipitators in the Reftinskaya thermal power plant (Russia). This is the reason why we started revamping this plant and we expect to reduce its emissions of particulates by about 50% by 2020.

As we are continuously listening to and dialoguing with our stakeholders, ethical investors and sustainability analysts, we are constantly stimulated towards improvement and an increasingly sustainable and transparent management of water resources.

With a view to communicating these efforts, Enel was the first utility in the world to participate both in the CDP Water program (for the first time at Group level in 2013) and in a further assessment via Aqua Gauge, a tool developed by Ceres, a network of international investors. Recently, we have also joined the UN Global Compact’s CEO Water Mandate, a unique public-private initiative designed to assist companies in developing, implementing and disclosing water sustainability policies and practices. Our overall consumption of water in 2013 was equal to 189.6 million m3, i.e. less than in 2012 due, among others, to a decrease in thermal generation.

Among the other strategic targets of the Group’s environmental policy, it is worth mentioning our commitment to optimal waste management. In 2013, the Enel Group recovered as much as 32% of its waste, i.e. 5 percentage points more than in 2012.

Likewise, as regards biodiversity conservation, the Group is promoting projects all over the world, both as an industrial operator and as an active player of the local social life. In 2013, after completing the mapping of Group-level activities, Enel put in place a Group-wide Plan for Biodiversity Conservation, consisting of 133 projects, with an investment of € 21 million since 2011.

In its new 2014-2018 Business Plan, Enel set its strategic priorities for the coming years, taking into account the expected structural changes in economic and sector-specific scenarios, and confirmed its low-carbon development path.

The Group will continue to invest in new renewable installed capacity for a total of about € 6 billion in the period of the plan. Furthermore, we will continue to undertake efforts for technological innovation, to make power generation more and more efficient and eco-friendly and to provide our customers with innovative solutions, from energy efficiency to e-mobility and smart grids.

We have big opportunities to seize in terms of both higher energy efficiency across the entire energy value chain, from generation to consumption, and environmental impact mitigation, by combining the supply and dissemination of electricity as an energy carrier with the process of decarbonization of our economies and societies. This is a target not to be missed and a commitment that we will firmly and strongly pursue in the coming years.

The Chief Executive Officer
and General Manager
Fulvio Conti

Summary of results

net installed
over 98 GW
Financial resources
for environmental protection
as of Dec. 31, 2013
1,142 million of euro
New capacity from
renewables installed
in 2013
941 MW
Generation from
zero-emission sources
Reduction specific
CO2 emissions
Investments in
electricity generation
from renewables
14 million of euro
Distribution of
environmental training
& education activities
in 2013
79,830 person-hours
Human resources
dedicated to the environment

Environmental policy and targets

Principles and strategic targets

Enel regards the environment, the fight against climate change and sustainable development as strategic factors in carrying out and expanding its operations and as key drivers for consolidating its leadership in energy markets.

Environmental targets

With respect to the data reported in 2010, Enel set the following targets – to be reached by 2020 – for some of the most significant environmental aspects of its activities.

Environmental policy and targets

Environmental management systems


The progressive deployment of internationally recognized environmental management systems in all the activities of the Group (industrial, planning, coordination, services, etc.) represents a strategic target of Enel’s environmental policy.

Organization of environmental management systems

In 2012, Enel gained the ISO 14001 certification at Group level. Instrumental in achieving this strategic environmental-policy target was the development...

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2013 results

EN6 EN7 At present, ISO 14001-certified systems cover 94% of the net maximum capacity of power plants, more than 95% of the grid length and 100% of the activities...

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ISO 14001-certified and EMAS-registered activities

ISO 14001

Electricity generation

Net maximum capacity certified (MW)


Electricity distribution

Grid length certified (km)


Electricity generation

Net maximum capacity registered (MW)

Coverage (EU)

Environmental management systems

Environmental Commitment

Climate Strategy

  • Developing zero-emission sources
  • Using the best available technologies
  • Promoting energy efficiency
  • Deploying smart grids
  • Pursuing research and innovation

Enel recognizes the centrality of the fight against climate change among its responsibilities as a large global energy operator and has long initiated actions to cut down greenhouse-gas emissions in all the countries where it operates, both by complying with its obligations under the EU’s Emissions Trading Directive and by implementing a long-term strategy.


Renewable energy sources are one of Enel’s main strategic levers to curb CO2 emissions and, at the same time, to make its generating mix more competitive.

Their growth potential in terms of installed capacity is strong, while efforts to deploy increasingly effective and efficient technologies in different geographic regions are intense. This is why Enel is committed to all the main technologies for electricity generation from renewables available to date and to identifying other ones for harnessing still unused resources, such as sea or ocean energy.

Smart cities

Thanks to its know-how and innovative technologies, the Enel Group developed smart-city concepts in various parts of the world, by combining environmental protection, energy efficiency and economic sustainability into a single urban model. The first pilot schemes that are under way in Italy are located in Genoa, Bari, Cosenza and L’Aquila.

Biodiversity conservation

Biodiversity conservation is one of the strategic targets of Enel’s environmental policy.

The Group promotes projects all over the world to support the conservation of ecosystems and natural habitats in the areas where it is present, not only as an industrial operator but also as an active player of the local social life.

Environmental Commitment – read all

Environmental results

Environmental results

Environmental commitment

Enel regards the environment, the fight against climate change and sustainable development as strategic factors in carrying out and expanding its operations and as key drivers for consolidating its leadership in energy markets

Key performance indicator read more
Resources - Key performance indicator - KPIs read more
Process and products - Key performance indicator - KPIs read more
Emissions - Key performance indicator - KPIs read more
Waste waters - Key performance indicator - KPIs read more
Waste - Key performance indicator - KPIs read more
Environmental results